Independence Day and the ‘Immeasurable Distance’

For the first time in a long time, I’ve given deep thought about the Fourth of July and what it symbolizes for me. While the nation celebrates its independence and freedom from Great Britain, millions of Black and Brown people still do not get to reap the benefits of said independence and live in a perpetual state of fear and oppression.

A speech by abolitionist Frederick Douglass has been circulating around the Internets today and I wanted to share it with my readers to remind us of what the Fourth of July really is for Black and Brown folk.

It is not a day of independence, freedom, or liberty.

It wasn’t in 1776 and it still isn’t in 2015.

This isn’t to dampen the celebratory cookouts, swim parties, and fireworks we all love on this day. It is, however, to put into perspective the deep meaning of celebrating the independence of this country for only one particular group of people.

I am not yet free. I do not yet have full independence from oppression. America’s freedom has not and still does not reach its arm towards all people.

Read Douglass’ famous speech, “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro” given in Rochester, New York on July 5, 1852. Sit with it. Talk about it over grilled corn and cold beer. I’ll join you.

Fellow-citizens, pardon me, allow me to ask, why am I called upon to speak here to-day? What have I, or those I represent, to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and of natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us? And am I, therefore, called upon to bring our humble offering to the national altar, and to confess the benefits and express devout gratitude for the blessings resulting from your independence to us?

I am not included within the pale of this glorious anniversary!Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you this day rejoice are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence bequeathed by your fathers is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought life and healing to you has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth of July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of liberty, and call upon him to join you in joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by asking me to speak today?

What, to the American slave, is your Fourth of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him, more than all other days of the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is a constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your denunciation of tyrants, brass fronted impudence; your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade and solemnity, are, to Him, mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisya thin veil to cover up crimes that would disgrace a nation of savages. There is not a nation of the earth guilty of practices more shocking and bloody than are the people of these United States at this very hour.

At a time like this, scorching irony, not convincing argument, is needed. O! had I the ability, and could reach the nation’s ear, I would, to-day, pour forth a stream, a fiery stream of biting ridicule, blasting reproach, withering sarcasm, and stern rebuke. For it is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and the crimes against God and man must be proclaimed and denounced.

Much thanks to Transcend Edutainment for this visualization of the latter half of Douglass’ speech read by actor Morgan Freeman.

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